The law is categorized into two, criminal law and civil law. Civil law falls under the category of law that pertains to wrongs against a person or against their property. On the flip side of the coin is criminal law that deals with cases against the society. Negligence, family disputes, personal injury cases and small claim lawsuits all fall under civil law.
Most personal injury cases, such as those that result from a car accident, often result in civil litigation. Other litigation may be as a result of an allegation of negligence, e.g., when someone has a responsibility of maintaining their property to ensure other people are not hurt when they access the said property. Learn more about Civil Law Attorney at civil litigation Edmonton. Adoption cases, child custody cases and divorce cases all fall under the family law; thus civil litigation.
The other thing worth mentioning is there could be specific courts meant for specific types of civil law cases. A very common example is a family law court tasked with handling matters to deal with family. Another example is a small claims court set aside to handle matters to deal with small claim disputes.
In the US, a civil lawsuit proceeding will commence when a case is filed against another person for wrongdoing. Whoever files the lawsuit is referred to as the plaintiff and whoever is being sued is referred to as the defendant. Read more about Civil Law Attorney at criminal law Edmonton. Most plaintiffs work hand in hand with civil law attorneys to help ascertain the validity of case and help issue notice of complaint to the defendant.
It needs no mentioning the burden of proof often lies on the plaintiff to prove beyond reasonable doubt that their claims are valid. It is no wonder civil litigation lawyers are expected to be very competent to ensure the evidence shows what is known as preponderance of the evidence. it is also worth noting plaintiffs are often given precedence in the presentation of evidence before the defendants are given a chance to do the same.
The results of the civil suit would normally be determined by a judge, unless either of the parties, through their lawyer, request for a jury trial. Typically, the jury trial will have anywhere between six and twelve jurors deliberately privately to reach a verdict. In most cases, the jury’s verdict will be unanimous. Now that you understand civil law, it is important to mention the need to find a reputable law firm to represent your needs. The litigation can go either way depending on the competence of your attorney.